Surgery Flashcard Collection 🔪
A collection of over 1000 surgery-focused flashcards covering key surgical topics.
1311 Flashcards 🎉
Our collection of high-quality surgical flashcards is constantly expanding.
Key Topics 🧠
Our flashcards cover a broad range of key surgical topics and provide high yield facts for effective revision.
Generate dynamic flashcard decks based on tags (e.g. specialty, topic, focus) or bookmarks.
Use our spaced repetition mode to increase long term retention of knowledge.
What are the most common causative organisms responsible for septic arthritis?
- Staphylococcus aureus (most common pathogen across all age groups)
- Streptococci species
- Neisseria gonorrhoea (especially in young, sexually active patients)
- Escherichia coli (especially in elderly and immunocompromised patients)
Tip: Staphylococci or streptococci species account for approximately 90% of cases.
Link: Septic arthritis
What are the typical symptoms of necrotising fasciitis?
- Pain out of proportion to the clinical findings
- Skin discolouration
- Skin blistering
Link: Necrotising fasciitis
What is the first-line imaging investigation for a suspected scaphoid fracture?
X-ray, with four specific scaphoid views:
- True lateral
- Semi-pronated oblique
- Posteroanterior with the wrist in ulnar deviation
Tip: Acutely, scaphoid fractures are often difficult to identify on X-ray and may not be seen in 20% of cases.
Link: Scaphoid fracture
Describe the surgical management options for testicular torsion.
- Bilateral orchiopexy: if the testis appears red-tinged and viable, it may be sutured to the tunica vaginalis and returned to the scrotum (fixation)
- Orchidectomy: if the testis appears dusky/black and non-viable, it may be removed completely
Tip: Fixation of the testis is performed bilaterally as a prophylactic measure, as the Bell-clapper abnormality may be present bilaterally.
Link: Testicular torsion